Ever wanted to know who fought in the War of 1812? Discover who were the allies, opposing sides, and prominent figures of the War of 1812.
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This article fails to recognize the critical role played by the Oneida Nation in several victories of the United States of America in the War of 1812 and wrongly indicates that the Oneidas sided with the British. Had it not been for the assistance of the Oneida Nation, the outcome of the War of 1812 may have been entirely different. Though a tiny handful people living in Canada at Grand River with some Oneida blood may have participated with the British in the War of 1812, the Oneidas and their leadership all sided with the United States of America and the majority of the men of the Oneida Nation and several women participated heroically in a number of critical battles. Over 150 identified men and women of the Oneidas are known to have participated in the War of 1812. Several Oneidas were killed in active combat including Cornelius Doxtator who was the leader or head Sachem of the Pagan Party of the Oneidas. Oneida sharpshooters were largely responsible for the victory at the Battle of Sandy Creek (also known as the Battle of Big Sandy) that effectively turned the Naval balance of power on critical Lake Ontario in favor of the United States. Several Oneidas made claims for their services after the war, but none were ever paid despite numerous promises from the Government of the United States. Some received small stipends in the late 1850s for personal equipment and clothing lost in battle during the war. A few Oneida Veterans of the War of 1812 who were still living in the 1870s received pensions for their services, though most valid pension applications were turned down because the applicants were "Indians". The Wheelock family which was very prominent among the Oneidas of Wisconsin in the latter part of the nineteenth century and early part of the twentieth century are descended from a well-known Chief who was killed by a shot to the abdomen at the Battle of Fort George in the War of 1812. A plaque to his memory and honor was erected and still stands about three quarters of a mile west of Slaterville Springs, New York. -Todd and Laura Larkin